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Sabtu, 07 Agustus 2010

Cara konfigurasi DHCP server pada Ubuntu server


Konfigurasi DHCP server di UBUNTU Server
Caranya :

1. Login sebagai Super Administrator (sudo su)
2. Installa DHCP server dengan perintah :
# apt-get install dhcpd3-server -y
3. Backup file dhcp3-server dengan perintah :
# cp /etc/default/dhcp3-server /etc/default/dhcp3-server.backup
4. Konfigurasi file dhcp3-server dengan perintah : # pico /etc/default/dhcp3-server
Temukan bagian ini dan isikan interaces yang dijadikan sebagai LAN.
INTERFACES=”eth1″
5. Konfigurasi file dhcpd.conf dengan perintah : pico /etc/dhcp3/dhcpd.conf

# Sample configuration file for ISC dhcpd for Debian
#
# Attention: If /etc/ltsp/dhcpd.conf exists, that will be used as
# configuration file instead of this file.
#
# $Id: dhcpd.conf,v 1.1.1.1 2002/05/21 00:07:44 peloy Exp $
#
# The ddns-updates-style parameter controls whether or not the server will
# attempt to do a DNS update when a lease is confirmed. We default to the
# behavior of the version 2 packages (‘none’, since DHCP v2 didn’t
# have support for DDNS.)
ddns-update-style none;
#Perhatikan bagian ini defaulnya tanpa tanda pagar.
# option definitions common to all supported networks…
#option domain-name “example.org”;
#option domain-name-servers ns1.example.org, ns2.example.org;
#default-lease-time 600;
#max-lease-time 7200;
# If this DHCP server is the official DHCP server for the local
# network, the authoritative directive should be uncommented.
#authoritative;
# Use this to send dhcp log messages to a different log file (you also
# have to hack syslog.conf to complete the redirection).
log-facility local7;
# No service will be given on this subnet, but declaring it helps the
# DHCP server to understand the network topology.
#subnet 192.168.1.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
#}
# This is a very basic subnet declaration.
#subnet 10.254.239.0 netmask 255.255.255.224 {
# range 10.254.239.10 10.254.239.20;
# option routers rtr-239-0-1.example.org, rtr-239-0-2.example.org;
#}
# This declaration allows BOOTP clients to get dynamic addresses,
# which we don’t really recommend.
#subnet 10.254.239.32 netmask 255.255.255.224 {
# range dynamic-bootp 10.254.239.40 10.254.239.60;
# option broadcast-address 10.254.239.31;
# option routers rtr-239-32-1.example.org;
#}
# A slightly different configuration for an internal subnet.
subnet 192.168.1.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
#ip addres yang akan di sewakan oleh server
range 192.168.1.25 192.168.1.40;
#DNS server yang digunakan
option domain-name-servers 202.152.5.36;
# option domain-name “internal.example.org”;
option routers 192.168.1.20;
option broadcast-address 192.168.1.255;
default-lease-time 600;
max-lease-time 7200;
}
# Hosts which require special configuration options can be listed in
# host statements. If no address is specified, the address will be
# allocated dynamically (if possible), but the host-specific information
# will still come from the host declaration.
#host passacaglia {
# hardware ethernet 0:0:c0:5d:bd:95;
# filename “vmunix.passacaglia”;
# server-name “toccata.fugue.com”;
#}
# Fixed IP addresses can also be specified for hosts. These addresses
# should not also be listed as being available for dynamic assignment.
# Hosts for which fixed IP addresses have been specified can boot using
# BOOTP or DHCP. Hosts for which no fixed address is specified can only
# be booted with DHCP, unless there is an address range on the subnet
# to which a BOOTP client is connected which has the dynamic-bootp flag
# set.
#host fantasia {
# hardware ethernet 08:00:07:26:c0:a5;
# fixed-address fantasia.fugue.com;
#}
# You can declare a class of clients and then do address allocation
# based on that. The example below shows a case where all clients
# in a certain class get addresses on the 10.17.224/24 subnet, and all
# other clients get addresses on the 10.0.29/24 subnet.
#class “foo” {
# match if substring (option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 4) = “SUNW”;
#}
#shared-network 224-29 {
# subnet 10.17.224.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
# option routers rtr-224.example.org;
# }
# subnet 10.0.29.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
# option routers rtr-29.example.org;
# }
# pool {
# allow members of “foo”;
# range 10.17.224.10 10.17.224.250;
# }
# pool {
# deny members of “foo”;
# range 10.0.29.10 10.0.29.230;
1. Jalan service dengan perintah :
# /etc/init.d/dhcp3-server start
2. Ujicoba dilakukan dengan mengoptainkan ip addres pada client.
3. Oke selamat mencoba.

Semoga berhasil !

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